In the JAHSS/JASID conference on 16-17 November, I moderated a fantastic panel on global governance. Below is my summary for the conference report.
Global Governance Panel, 17 November 2019
In the Global Governance Panel, First, Mr. Sayid Abdullaev spoke about his own experience as a refugee in the US. He spoke of two reactions he saw in people: one of fear for having someone different, and the other one was sympathy for his situation. He shared his initiative to change the perception of people towards refugees, involving young people and making a social movement. He worked for the United Nations, focusing on the World Humanitarian Summit and youth activation programs. He has founded multiple initiatives for refugee empowerment, youth for peace, and LGBTQ. He stressed the importance of involving refugees themselves in all initiatives involving refugees.
Next, Dr. Naoko Hashimoto of Hitotsubashi University, discussed pros and cons of proliferation of resettlement and ‘new ways’ of admitting refugees. Resettlement provides refugees with a durable solution, but an analysis of resettlement policies shows diversity of policies: while many host States are focusing on people’s vulnerability, a few States are focusing almost exclusively on their prospect of integration. Increasingly, resettlement is unclear in its quantity, selection criteria and process. Moreover, it may be argued that resettlement is used as an alternative to granting asylum. There are additionally ‘new forms’ of refugee admission, such as work permit, student visa, family reunification and private sponsorship, some of which allow taking in refugees without formally accepting them as refugees. It is questionable whether they appropriately complement refugee protection mechanism rather than diluting refugees’ rights.
Lastly, Prof. Eiji Oyamada of Doshisha University reported that globalization made corruption into a different shape. Corruption is now seen as a global issue, and corruption needs to be tackled through implementation of SDGs and international or regional agreements. Opportunities for corruption during humanitarian operation are many and systematic, but the existence of non-financial forms of corruption make it difficult to trace corruption systematically.
The panel was moderated by Dr. Ai Kihara-Hunt of the University of Tokyo.