Speech at the International Conference on Women, Peace and Security in the 21st Century


SEA panelI was invited to speak in two panels at the International Conference on Women, Peace and Security in the 21st Century – An East Asian Perspective, held in Seoul on 22-23 September, 2017, co-organized by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, International Journal on Peacekeeping and Korean Women’s Development Institute.


Six sessions of the conference addressed the foundation of the UN and women, peace and security, Advances made on women in conflict situations and in peacekeeping/building, sexual violence in conflict, the way forward on sexual abuse of women, means to enhance gender equity in peace and security, national plans of action, and civil society involvement.


Session I laid out the foundation on the conference theme. After the general foundation on gender and peace was explained by Prof. Lee Jeoung Oh of Daigu Catholic University,  my speech was on the legal development related to sexual violence during the conflict. She explained that since the 1990s, various forms of sexual violence have been recognized, codified and prosecuted as international crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The contribution of international tribunals has been analyzed, including the development of the definition of rape. She addressed that there has been a significant progress in the prosecution of sexual violence, but challenges remain. In addition, she introduced human rights obligations on States in relation to sexual crimes domestically, touching upon prevention, investigation and prosecution, and emphasized that these obligations remain during the conflict. Ms. Gaelle Demolis of UN Women then explained relevant UN resolutions, including Security Council 1325 and its implementation.


Session II had Prof. Park Soon-hyang at the PKO Center, Korea National Defence University, and Dr. Roisin Burke, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Following Prof. Park’s presentation on UN’s actions on sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) by peacekeepers, Dr. Burke spoke about African Union’s framework on sexual exploitation and abuse. She introduced her research, which faced difficulty to find information on AU’s policies on prevention and actions against SEA.


Session III was focused on prevention and actions related to sexual violence in conflict and in UN Peace Operations. Prof. Oh Joon of Kyoung Hee University discussed the role of conflict prevention, sharing his experience as Ambassador engaging at the UN Security Council. Dr. Roisin Burke explained the current framework and shortcomings related to prevention and prosecution of sexual crimes committed by UN military contingents. My presentation provided recommendations on how to better prevent further SEA by UN personnel, based on her five-year research on how to improve criminal accountability of UN police personnel. Her specific recommendations were around five areas: getting the right people on the ground, ensuring that all information reaches an appropriate investigative body, law and internal policies, investigation, and ensuring prosecution. Throughout her detailed recommendations, she emphasized that transparency would be the key.


Session IV addressed means to enhance gender equity in peace and security. Lieutenant Colonel Nyamsuren Chultem of the Ministry of Defence, Mongolia, introduced her experience with UN missions. In her speech, she touched upon pre-deployment training, expectations, daily tasks in the mission, benefit of having female officers and various mandates. Prof. Choi Yunmi of Sookmyoung Women’s University analyzed how gender equity has been incorporated in peace and security agenda in South Korea. She cautioned that securing a number of women involvement in peace and security does not necessarily contribute to women’s perspective being incorporated in the agenda.


Session V was on Japan and Korea’s national plans of action (NAPs) related to Security Council resolution 1325. Ms. Hisako Motoyama of Civil Society Working Group for Japan and Ms. Lee Hyun Sook, Women’s Forum for Peace and Diplomacy, South Korea, explained the process of formulating respective NAPs and their status of implementation. It was found that, although Japan and South Korea had different models of engagement with the civil society in the process, their outcomes had similarities. While some civil society recommendations were heard by the two governments, a significant part was lost.


Session VI, on civil society organizations engagement on women, peace and security issues, had two speakers. Ms. Cho Young-sook of Korean Women’s Association United explained the roles the civil society can play. Dr. Kim Jeoung Soo, Director of Korean Women’s Institute for Peace Studies, introduced active women’s participation and their unique roles in peace dialogue between two Koreas.


A large portion of the conference is scheduled to be published in the due course.

ACUNS Newsletter holds my report on ACUNS Tokyo Liaison Office’s meeting on revitalizing the UN

ACUNS’ newest Newsletter has my report on its Tokyo Liaison Office’s meeting on revitalizing the UN system, back in June 2017.

We had Mr. Takasu, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General on Human Security to deliver keynote speech, and had two rounds of discussion on the UN peace and security system and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Presentation on police forces comprising the UN Police

I presented yesterday at the University of Tokyo’s research conference, organized by the Area Studies Department. My presentation focused on police forces that comprise the UN Police, and the vast variety of their characters, cultures, performance, skills and expectations. Interesting questions were raised with regard to how militarized police forces are dealt with in the UN.

Area Studies seminar

UNPOL’s individual criminal accountability presentation at the Plenary,ACUNS Annual Meeting

Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) has annual meetings, and that is the biggest gathering of practitioners and academics researching on the UN system. I had a pleasure of presenting at the Plenary this April.

This year’s meeting was in Seoul, Korea.

The program is here.

In its Plenary III, entitled ‘Protection and Promotion of Human Rights in Humanitarian Crises’, I presented the findings of my research into individual criminal accountability of UN police personnel. The essense is that challenges that the UN encounters in holding individual UN police officers who commit serious crimes in UN Peace Operations reflect the UN’s fundamental problems. It is not the lack of jurisdiction nor the issue of immunity, as are often claimed by States, that are preventing criminal prosecution of individuals who commit serious crimes.

ACUNS Seoul presentation

Summary Record of Japan-Africa cooperation consultation meeting uploaded

It has been some time.

I will try catching up with uploading articles from these several months.

My summary record of the consultation meeting, organized by the Global Peacebuilding Association fo Japan (GPAJ), for which I am the Secretary-General, and the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) Tokyo Liaison Office, for which I am Deputy Representative, has been uploaded on the respective websites. The theme was on the cooperation between Japan and Africa on peacekeeping, and we had the Deputy Director of Cairo Center for Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa (CCCPA), Mr. Elatawy, to make the opening speech.

Below are the links to the web articles: